Spending a day with a local family-owned mezcal distillery in Oaxaca

I personally did this Oaxaca mezcal tour and in this post, I will introduce you to the local family that I visit in Oaxaca every year for the day of the dead!

📧 Hola Trisha! Thank you for all your blogs about Oaxaca! I found you through a friend whom you met in Oaxaca City in 2019. She recommended your blog and I am happy to have stumbled upon it. I already have 10 tabs open just from your website since I am planning my trip to Oaxaca. I wanted to ask where you did your Oaxaca mezcal tour? I saw it on Instagram and was not sure where it was. Do you mind sharing some tips and trusted local operators? Thank you for all you do!

Jayson Boyd, Los Angeles (CA)

Hola Jayson!

Your trip will feel incomplete if you don’t go on a Oaxaca mezcal tour. I am sure some of you have not heard of mezcal since tequila is more prevalent in Mexico but I prefer mezcal over tequila. It doesn’t give you a hangover and I love the smoky spike at the end of every sip.

It’s always best accompanied by oranges, pineapple, or chapulines, a favorite insect (delicacy) in Mexico. Mezcal is already so good on its own so you can say no to the plate of insects. But believe me, they do pair well!

Here’s my experience with the best Oaxaca mezcal tour. You can also watch my video about this experience to see what a palenque tour looks like!

🌟 Top-rated Oaxaca mezcal tours

🥃 Commercial vs family-run Oaxaca mezcal tour

I always make sure to explain this to trip-designing clients in Mexico as this is the frequently asked question: “why are local tours more expensive?”

Simple answer: because it takes money to produce something sustainably.

Wherever you go in the world, sustainable products are more expensive. Your favorite organic soap? Double the price of Dove. Granola? Way pricier than Cheerios.

Healthy food in the US is 10x more expensive than a double cheeseburger with large fries and coke in McDonald’s. Processing food takes more time, energy, and money than farm-cropped vegetables.

oaxaca mezcal tour

I wanted to explain this in the most understandable way because sustainable tours in Mexico like this one are competing with commercial companies who give tours for a really cheap price.

But in reality, you don’t really know if these tours are serving you the right product and experience you signed up for. Come to think of it – how will you know if it’s real mezcal if it’s your first time trying it?

Who is your source? What if it’s just mezcal or tequila from the local supermarket?! How in the world would you know that? You won’t. And you probably never will.

Of course, you can still book Oaxaca Mezcal tours with any tour company in Mexico. No problem with that as most of them are really honest.

oaxaca mezcal tour

Another thing I love about family-run mezcal tours is that they only produce small batches of mezcal to make sure the high quality and standard they set for their products are met.

And this, I assure you, will not give you any stomach pains, diarrhea, or any sickness after your trip to Mexico.

👉🏽 More from Oaxaca travel: Mexico Insider’s 25 absolute best things to do in Oaxaca City

👪 Oaxaca mezcal tour experience with a family

After an uncontrollable first night in Oaxaca for the day of the dead week, I had to wake up early the next day as I promised to cover the story of Conejo’s family, a small family-owned mezcal distillery in Oaxaca in Santa Catarina de Minas.

It’s an hour’s drive from Oaxaca and thankfully, I was very comfortable because I was accompanied by my local friend, Victor. Before heading out of the city, I thought to take cash out from the ATM.

I knew that I will go crazy from buying mezcal bottles to take home to Cabo because I love it and 100% prefer it over tequila. I know that places like this don’t take Amex and Victor confirmed that as well.

oaxaca mezcal tour

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I also obligate myself to give tips to local Oaxaca mezcal tours like this since I am very sure that it’s a sustainable business. I had zero concepts of what this day would be like since I always vet the tours I go to before I go. I don’t ask for the itinerary. If you’re a good person and you are a local, I’m all for it.

But man, I was so shocked when I was offered a mezcal shot upon arrival. Having lived in Mexico for years, I knew that was going to happen. I just did not know when.

As soon as the introduction started, Conejo, the leader of the band was already passing around shots of mezcal. Mind you, they’re not the traditional type but the very good kind.

Throwing around free shots like that cost a lot of money and I was humbled by the generosity of these people. So, what can I do but say YES to all the shots?

oaxaca mezcal tour

Well, I did not say yes to all of them because I did not eat breakfast. If you are to do this Oaxaca mezcal tour, it’s probably best if you grab breakfast because they will not relent on the shots.

It will keep overflowing and Mexicans tend to NOT take no for an answer. Victor explained to the group what this Oaxaca mezcal tour will be like. I was already pretty buzzed and honestly was not paying attention.

But here’s how this day went.

👉🏽 See also: Is 5 days in Oaxaca enough? Here’s a sample 5-day itinerary

The journey to the wild agave fields

From Conejo’s house, we hopped on a truck to get to the agave fields. Conejo has an “estate” that grows wild agaves and growing wild agaves is not very common in Mexico. Only a few do it.

What I really loved about this is that it felt exclusive. No one was there but our group. I felt like I paid for a US$1,500 tour because of the privacy.

As more shots rounded the truck, we arrived at the wild agave fields to get to know the different types. Conejo also challenged us to a quiz which means I needed to pay attention.

And I certainly did.

Getting to know the different types of agave plants

best mezcal tour oaxaca

I’ve been to many mezcal tasting tours that don’t involve visiting the field. In the majority of those tastings, they mention the names of the agave plant but they never really explain it deeper.

Not that you are interested. You’re probably too drunk to listen anyway. Since I am a mezcal fan, my curious brain paid full attention to this portion of the tour.

What’s extra special about visiting the agave fields is that you can actually see what the plant looks like. And mind you, they are different in shapes, colors, and sizes. Below are the agave plants that I got to learn about:

best mezcal tour oaxaca
  1. Barril: large in size and are used as a fence (dividers) in wild agave land. This takes 15-20 years to mature
  2. Largo: largo means “long” in Spanish which is where the name of this maguey came from. In Oaxaca, it is also referred to as Tobaziche
  3. Cuish: green in color with black spines. This is the usual favorite in cocktail bars in Oaxaca City
  4. Coyote: related to Cuish, Coyote has an earthy aroma and a spicy finish. This is one of the rare magueys and is not easily found in the wild
  5. Tripon Verde: one of the well-regarded agaves but not used commonly used commercially.
  6. Espadin: this agave takes shorter years to mature. You will find Espadin anywhere you go in Mexico as they are easy to mass-produce.
  7. Tobala: also popular around the country, the tobala is usually smaller than other magueys and grows in high altitudes

All these types of agave plants are only found in Santa Catarina de Minas, where Conejo’s distillery is located. There are about 270 species of agave in the world and you will find 160 of those in Mexico.

Fun fact: The term maguey refers to an agave plant, especially those that are used in alcohol production.

Join our all-inclusive trip to Oaxaca!

We do this every year as a group trip where you will get a chance to meet fellow travelers while exploring Oaxaca in the most local way(with us!)

Planting my own agave plant

The reason why it’s better for you to know the agave plant is that Conejo will make you plant your own after the tour! We were asked to choose the type of maguey that we want to plant.

These grounds are pretty hard to dig and the equipment is heavy but Conejo helped us with the majority of it.

Then, we were asked to name our plants. I named mine Gabriel, after Conejo’s son who was with us all the way. His daughter Alma was also with us helping throughout the Oaxaca tour.

Of course, these guys always need one woman to handle their team. Alma is not even 15 years old but knows everything about the tour!

👉🏽 You might also like: How to celebrate day of the dead (dia de los muertos) in Oaxaca City

Lunch in the agave fields

After a hot morning in the field, the guys set up a table for us under the tree. I was really surprised to see it was all ready when arrived. More so, where did these tables and chairs came from?! I realized those were the chairs we were sitting on at the back of the truck. What an efficient way to do it!

Raquel, Conejo’s wife and the jefa of the family prepared a simple but filling lunch for us – chicken with tomatoes accompanied by the mighty Mexican tortilla. All are homemade!

Shots kept flowing as we had a refreshing lunch under the tree. It was also so quiet around us and all I heard were our loud voices and jovial laughter.

The last time I remember having an experience like this was in Golan Heights (Israel) so this is definitely my favorite moment in Oaxaca!

🔥 The mezcal production process

oaxaca mezcal tour

After lunch, that was it for us in the field. It was not as hot as it was at the beginning of winter (end of October) so this is a great month to do your Oaxaca mezcal tour, especially if the tour includes a field visit.

Actually, I was wearing a jacket in some parts of this tour because the wind was really cold even if the sun is hot.

We drove back to Conejo’s palenque to learn about the mezcal production process in his old-school machinery.

🇲🇽 Spanish 101: In Mexico, a palenque is a mezcal distillery. This is where all the roasting, crushing, fermentation, distillation, and bottling process happen.

Plan your trip to Mexico with us! Get expert travel advice and customized trip-planning itinerary from our local experts on the ground.

Step 1: Roasting

best oaxaca mezcal tour

The first step in the mezcal distillation process is roasting the agave plant but not the whole plant. They put the agave hearts in a pit of hot stones burnt with wood. In Spanish, these agave hearts are also called piñas (pineapple) because it does look like a pineapple.

This first process is very crucial because it’s what gives the mezcal a smoky flavor, a trademark of this world-famous Mexican drink. The roasting can take up to a week but it all depends on the mezcalero.

🇲🇽 Spanish 101: A mezcalero is what you call the person who distills mezcal. There are also mezcaleras in Mexico but women who are in this industry is not common (which is no surprise to anyone).

Step 2: Crushing

best oaxaca mezcal tour

After roasting, the juice from the piñas are extracted for fermentation. This is a laborious process and there are no exact methods on how to do it. It all depends on the machinery of the producer but the most common is a wooden mallet. Extracting juice for a 60L mezcal can take up to three days!

I tried to do this and the wooden mallet was twice my weight! After just 5 strong smashes, I got really tired. Conejo also involves his children as this is a family business. Pictured above is 5-year old Antonio who already knows how to lift this mallet!

Conejo is the third generation mezcalero of his family and all his children (male and female) are involved in the business.

🔥 Hot right now: 24 best mezcal bars in Oaxaca City

Step 4: Fermentation

best oaxaca mezcal tour

The wooden vats used for the fermentation process are called tinas in Spanish. Everything (as in everything) are placed in the tinas for fermentation – from the juice, hearts, and fibers.

Then they are left uncovered for up to a month which is the process of natural fermentation. Tinas are made from strong woods (like pine or oak) which contributes to the final flavors of the mezcal.

Step 5: Distillation

Mass commercial distillation uses stainless steel but Conejo is still doing it the old-school way (or let’s say ancestral): wood, clay, and copper. The modernization process is fast but Palenque Conejo wants to keep this tradition alive hoping that one day, his children will not convert to easy.

The stills are really hot so be careful of coming too close – I made the mistake of doing it as I wanted a close-up shot. What’s really impressive about this is that I did not see Conejo use a thermometer to check if the distillate’s temperature is enough.

He told me that in palenques, mezcaleros only measure it by looking. I was so confused when he said this to me so he explained further.

What he meant by “by eye” (de ojo in Spanish) is that they look at how strong the distillate streams coming out of the still. This way, they know how to know if the temperature is right or wrong.

Step 6: Bottling

best oaxaca mezcal tours

The final product is placed in big glass jars to cool down and after that, they put them in different sizes of bottles.

They also have their own labels for Palenque Conejo which are super branded. I really loved seeing this process!


🛒 Mezcal tasting and buying guide

best mezcal tour oaxaca

I discussed the difference between family-run vs commercial Oaxaca mezcal tours in the first part of this article. Now that you know how tedious and laborious the [manual] process is, I am sure you’d be willing to pay the price of this premium mezcal.

After the distillation process, we proceed to the tasting process of the final products that took place in the tasting room. I bought a few bottles to take home to friends since I already bought a bunch from our textile tour in Oaxaca. I needed to check in either way.

The bottles I bought were tobala, arroqueño, and pechuga in the smallest bottles since I was giving them as gifts.

250 ml
500 ml
750 ml
1 lt
Espadin Cogollo
Espadin Capon

To be honest, I find palenque prices cheaper because if you buy this in the city markets, it could cost double. You will have a free mezcal tasting session before you decide to buy so you can check what you want.

You don’t have to buy the same mezcal that I bought – let your palette decide!

Overall, I had a lot of fun as it’s one of the most unique Oaxaca mezcal tours that I’ve been on. We headed back to Oaxaca City and everyone was knocked out in the car except Victor who had to drive us back.

I don’t remember how many mezcal shots I had that day but it sure was a lot! If you ever go on this mezcal tour in Oaxaca, I’d love to hear about your experience!

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🌿 Oaxaca mezcal tour sustainability and ethics

best mezcal tour oaxaca

At Mexico Insider, we just don’t support and promote local tours just because we had the free experience. Before agreeing to do this mezcal distillery tour, we investigated the humanity of Palenque Conejo’s business.

Palenque Conejo does not mass harvest agaves to take care of the land (as magueys tend to depend on each other when it comes to maturing).

All of their mezcal tours involve planting agaves to make up for the number of plants they harvest. Many wild agave fields in Mexico are on the brink of extinction because of the increasing popularity of mezcal and commercial tours.

As you already read in this article, they also don’t mass-produce mezcal since their machinery takes a lot of work to produce just one bottle!

They also incur zero trash as all of the parts of the agave go in the making of the mezcal. Their bottling process is also sustainable and trash-free.

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  1. Thanks for the helpful article. How would you recommend finding and booking a local, instead of commercial tour? Googling this comes up with the main tour operators.

  2. Planning a visit in August, and would like to know if the tour accepts children. We are a big group of 10 adults & 7 children, also tour maximum is 15, is there an exception to that max? If children don’t drink they pay the same price, and also any special pricing for a big group? Thank you

  3. I did not hear about Mezcal and chapulines! The tour sounds interesting which takes the visitors through the production of Mezcal. Lovely read

  4. Really interesting to understand why is worth spending more on one tour rather than another. We ask need to be a responsible traveller. Would love to see myself how they produce mezcal.

  5. This sounds like an amazing tour. We learned the hard way to pay little extra in Mexico to get a good local guide rather than do a cheap tour where you will not have time to explore anything. So I am all for spending a little extra especially if it goes to locals directly. I would love to see how Mezcal is made someday.

  6. What a great post. I love the idea of trying mezcal. I am not a fan of tequila so would be great to try another drink that is created and sources in Mexico. I would happily pay more for this sort of experience. I hope that more people consider your points about this.

  7. What a fascinating tour and a great chance to learn more about the production of Mezcal. I had heard of the drink but never tasted it but it sounds delicious (but maybe I will pass on the side accompaniment of insects!) It’s good to do a tour that benefits the local community as well as being educational and enjoyable for the tourist.

  8. Very interesting blog post! You are right, I had not heard about both Mezcal and chapulines! The tour with the family sounds interesting taking the visitors through the production of Mezcal. Free shots too!:-)

  9. I liked how you explained why sustainable tours are more expensive, we often fall for the cheaper versions without understanding how much we lose to save just a few pennies. The journey to the wild agave fields fascinated me a lot because I had never seen wild agaves. This tour is very educational – learning the different varieties and production process. Wonderful reading it.

  10. This sounds like a fantastic experience, and I love to hear about family businesses like Conejo’s. Even if it’s a little bit pricier, a local tour like this one seems so much more authentic. Good thing no hangovers with Mezcal, too!

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