Inside Oaxaca’s lesser known Ethnobotanical Garden

Ethnobotanical Garden Oaxaca has become Instagram-famous and many people became curious about what’s inside this garden. In this post, we will tell you everything about this unusual site in Oaxaca City.

Oaxaca Ethnobotanical Garden re-opened its doors in October 2021 after closing for almost 2 years. The garden is only popular with those who know it.

It’s hardly mentioned in popular Oaxaca travel guides on the web and most of the visitors here are Europeans who are not necessarily plant enthusiasts but are into ethnobotany.

Designed and built by ‘El Maestro,’ Francisco Toledo, Mexico’s most iconic artist. He is a sculptor, painter, and graphic artist but he said he’s not a gardener so this project was new to him.


Toledo is not only known for his Ethnobotanical Garden Oaxaca work but he’s also one of the movers and shakers in the city in terms of important cultural themes and institutions.

The purpose of the Oaxaca Ethnobotanical Garden is not only for the study of plant classification or cultivation but to study the interrelations between humans and plants.

Many people visit this Oaxaca attraction for peace and quiet in the bustling city of Oaxaca. Back in its normal operations, you will often see locals hanging out there with a book in one hand and coffee in another.

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🧑‍🌾 History of the Oaxaca Ethnobotanical Garden

The Ethnobotanical Garden Oaxaca is located behind the Santo Domingo Cultural Centre, which is the famous Oaxacan church on the Internet. The Mexican Army took over this space for over 120 years.

When they relocated in 1994, the state of Oaxaca proposed that the monastery grounds be converted to a luxury hotel but Francisco Toledo’s group lobbied for a green space for the people of Oaxaca and they won.

The Ethnobotanical Garden Oaxaca was built and officially opened its doors to the public in 1998. Many visitors don’t really notice it because of the lack of signage outside the garden which makes it a unique activity in Oaxaca. Not everyone has seen the garden!

oaxaca ethnobotanical garden

🌵 Inside the Ethnobotanical Garden Oaxaca

Also known as Jardin Etnobotanico Oaxaca in Spanish, the garden aims to tell the rich history of Oaxaca including the artistic and cultural traditions of Mexico.

The large cacti plants will make you feel that you are in the Baja California state but all the plants and trees here are native to the state of Oaxaca, all of which tell a story.

Most of them were rescued from development projects around the state and brought to Oaxaca City for preservation. Others are medicinal plants from the mountains of Oaxaca including a variety of ingredients used for the Oaxacan cuisine that we all enjoy today.

ethnobotanical garden oaxaca

More plants inside the Oaxaca Ethnobotanical Garden

  • Mesquite: primary food source for settlers during the desert deprivations and drought in North America. It thrives in dry conditions and can be found in Southern USA and Mexico.
  • Copal: copal is used for incense and for carving alebrijes, the surreal Oaxacan folk art.
  • Agave Plants: Oaxaca is known for the mezcal so you will also see many native agave plants here from the outskirts of Oaxaca
  • Traditional Food Area: there is one area inside the Oaxaca Ethnobotanical Garden that showcases the food culture of Oaxaca. Here, you will find plants like corn, jicama, tomatoes, amarant, chia, together with Mexican hierba de conejo and tamal de chepil.
  • Plants like orchids, bromeliads, and cacao
  • Endangered plants that are aligned with the sustainability and ethics of Oaxaca Ethnobotanical Garden
  • A greenhouse that does not use airconditioning but geothermal cooling
ethnobotanical garden oaxaca

🗺️ Ethnobotanical Garden Oaxaca Map

The garden

  1. Entrance
  2. Orchid’s Salon
  3. Ticket Booth
  4. Library
  5. Women’s Toilet
  6. Men’s Toilet
  7. Administrative Offices
  8. Plaza
  9. More Toilets
  10. The Atrium

Exceptional Attractions

  • A. Jorge Dubon Sculpture
  • B. Luis Zarate Sculpture
  • C. Jorge Yaspic Sculpture
  • D. The Greenhouse
  • E. Old Street
  • F. 16th-century archaeological pond
  • G. Ceramic Oven
  • H. 16th-century lime kilns
  • I. Laundry
  • J. Francisco Toledo Sculpture

Thematic Sections

  • I. Vegetation of the Valley of Oaxaca
  • II. Rock Garden
  • III. Medicinal Plants
  • IV. Indigenous Agriculture
  • V. Orchards and Plots
  • VI. Tropical Rainforest
  • VII. Mountain Forest
  • VIII. Plants related to Oaxacan culture
  • IX. Tropical Dry Forest
  • X. Plants from the driest areas of Oaxaca
  • XI. Patio del Huaje
oaxaca ethnobotanical garden

🌿 Oaxaca Ethnobotanical Garden Visitor’s Guide

This garden is pretty exclusive and can only be accessed by a guide. We visited during its re-opening in November 2021 and we had to fall in line from 6:00 AM to get access.

The tours are offered in different languages by the hour. Since we were falling in line for a while now, we opted for a French tour because there were fewer people in that line and we speak French!

Below are the tour hours for each language:

  • English: Monday to Saturday at 11:00 AM (US$7)
  • Spanish: Monday to Saturday at 10:00 AM, 11:00 AM, and 12:00 PM (US$2.50)
  • French: N/A at the moment; open until further notice
  • German: N/A at the moment; open until further notice
oaxaca ethnobotanical garden
This tour is only accessible with a guide. You cannot visit the garden on your own.

More information:

✈️ Ready for your trip to Oaxaca? If you need more information about the Ethnobotanical Garden of Oaxaca, we’d be happy to update this post – just leave your questions in the comment box below or join our communities where we answer questions for FREE.

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