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Baja California Travel Guide
Everything you need to know about the state of Baja California, Mexico
BAJA CALIFORNIA TRAVEL GUIDE CONTENTS
Baja California is the 12th-largest state in Mexico, known for its beautiful beaches, deserts, and forests. The mainland is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and Sonora, arizona, USa, on the east, and Baja California Sur on the south. Pichacho del Diablo (The Devil’s Peak), the highest peak in Baja California, is located in this state.
There are 6 border crossing points in the US and there are many Americans/Mexicans/Mexican-Americans who live in Baja California and work in the United States. They commute daily because the US salary can be stretched further if you are living in Mexico. This border crossing is very busy and it may take up to 6 hours if you don’t have border special passes like Sentri.
The state is blessed with numerous islands that have become popular tourist destinations, such as the Guadalupe Island, Coronado Islands, Todos Santos islands, Cedros Island, and angel de la Guarda Island.
✈️ Baja California quick info
- 🇲🇽 Capital: Mexicali
- ⏰ Timezone: Pacific Standard Time (GMT-8)
- ✈️ Airports: Tijuana International Airport
- 🌆 Major Cities (population): Tijuana (1,410,700) Mexicali (855,962) Ensenada (413,481) Tecate (91,021) Playas de Rosarito (73,305)
- 🚩 Size/Area: 56,017 square miles
- 🧑🤝🧑 Population: 2,844,469 (2005 census)
- 📅 Year of Statehood: 1952
🗺️ Baja California Map
🏄♀️ Things to do in Baja California Mexico
🪅 Baja California State Events and Festivals
💡 Baja California Fun Facts
- The Baja California Peninsula is the world’s third-largest peninsula with 1,300 kilometres long (800 miles).
- The borders of Tijuana, Mexicali, and Tecate (border with San Diego) is one of the busiest border crossings in the world. Just in the TJ border, 50,000 cars and 25,000 people cross daily.
- The Spaniards arrived in Baja California in 1539 and they believed they reached a mythical island of female warriors headed by Queen Calafia. Although this is just a myth, Calafia has appeared in many Baja tourism names today (including Calafia Airlines).
- Baja California is a rich wine region and the biggest producers in Mexico are here. Many tourists only know about Valle de Guadalupe but there are 6 wine valleys in Baja California.
- Olive Ridley (golfinas) and Leatherback (laud) turtles nest on the state’s beaches, returning each year to lay their eggs on the same beach where they were born.
- La Bufadora (the blowhole) is a natural marine geyser located a short distance from Ensenada. Ocean waves are forced into a partly submerged cave. The water and air in the cave mix and cause a pressure build-up. The pressure causes the water to explode upwards out of the cave, reaching heights of up to 24 meters (80 feet).
- El Altar, a site in San Pedro Mártir National Park, provides visitors with the unique opportunity to see both the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortés at the same time.
- The beaches along Baja California’s two coasts vary tremendously. The western coast, which faces the Pacific Ocean, is characterized by cool water, ocean swells and occasional heavy surf. The eastern coast faces the narrow Sea of Cortés and generally has calmer waters.
SOURCE: HISTORY.COM | BRITANNICA.COM
🙋 Baja California FAQ
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