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Baja California Travel Guide

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Baja California Travel Guide

Everything you need to know about the state of Baja California, Mexico


Quick Info | Baja California Map | Blog | Places To Visit | Things To Do | Hotels | Tours | Events | Facts | FAQ

Baja California is the 12th-largest state in Mexico, known for its beautiful beaches, deserts, and forests. The mainland is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and Sonora, arizona, USa, on the east, and Baja California Sur on the south. Pichacho del Diablo (The Devil’s Peak), the highest peak in Baja California, is located in this state.

There are 6 border crossing points in the US and there are many Americans/Mexicans/Mexican-Americans who live in Baja California and work in the United States. They commute daily because the US salary can be stretched further if you are living in Mexico. This border crossing is very busy and it may take up to 6 hours if you don’t have border special passes like Sentri.

The state is blessed with numerous islands that have become popular tourist destinations, such as the Guadalupe Island, Coronado Islands, Todos Santos islands, Cedros Island, and angel de la Guarda Island.

✈️ Baja California quick info

  • 🇲🇽 Capital: Mexicali
  • ⏰ Timezone: Pacific Standard Time (GMT-8)
  • ✈️ Airports: Tijuana International Airport
  • 🌆 Major Cities (population): Tijuana (1,410,700) Mexicali (855,962) Ensenada (413,481) Tecate (91,021) Playas de Rosarito (73,305)
  • 🚩 Size/Area: 56,017 square miles
  • 🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Population: 2,844,469 (2005 census)
  • 📅  Year of Statehood: 1952

🗺️ Baja California Map

🧭 Baja California Travel Blog

🏄‍♀️  Things to do in Baja California Mexico

🪅 Baja California State Events and Festivals

💡 Baja California Fun Facts

  • The Baja California Peninsula is the world’s third-largest peninsula with 1,300 kilometres long (800 miles).
  • The borders of Tijuana, Mexicali, and Tecate (border with San Diego) is one of the busiest border crossings in the world. Just in the TJ border, 50,000 cars and 25,000 people cross daily.
  • The Spaniards arrived in Baja California in 1539 and they believed they reached a mythical island of female warriors headed by Queen Calafia. Although this is just a myth, Calafia has appeared in many Baja tourism names today (including Calafia Airlines).
  • Baja California is a rich wine region and the biggest producers in Mexico are here. Many tourists only know about Valle de Guadalupe but there are 6 wine valleys in Baja California.
  • Olive Ridley (golfinas) and Leatherback (laud) turtles nest on the state’s beaches, returning each year to lay their eggs on the same beach where they were born.
  • La Bufadora (the blowhole) is a natural marine geyser located a short distance from Ensenada. Ocean waves are forced into a partly submerged cave. The water and air in the cave mix and cause a pressure build-up. The pressure causes the water to explode upwards out of the cave, reaching heights of up to 24 meters (80 feet).
  • El Altar, a site in San Pedro Mártir National Park, provides visitors with the unique opportunity to see both the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortés at the same time.
  • The beaches along Baja California’s two coasts vary tremendously. The western coast, which faces the Pacific Ocean, is characterized by cool water, ocean swells and occasional heavy surf. The eastern coast faces the narrow Sea of Cortés and generally has calmer waters.


🙋 Baja California FAQ

Baja California is one of the 32 states of Mexico. It is located on the border of the USA (San Diego, CA), and Mexico (Tijuana). The capital of the state of Baja California is Mexicali. It is also sometimes referred to as Baja California Norte on the Internet.

California in the United States used to be a territory of Mexico. It used to be called Alta California until the United States took it through the 1828 Treaty of Guadalupe. This treaty ended the Mexican-American War. The USA then dropped the word “Alta” because it’s Spanish. Today, Alta California is known as the state of California in the US. Until 1930, Baja California was one territory/state/peninsula until 1930, but it was split into two: Baja California (Norte) and Baja California Sur.

A common misconception among American travelers is that Baja California is part of the US. This makes total sense because both Baja California and Baja California Sur states are like California (US) in terms of prices, customs, and cultures. Baja California is part of the Mexican territory so Americans definitely need a passport to enter this area.

Baja California is a state located in Mexico, not in the USA. For more information about the history of the Mexican-American territorial war in California, see our article, Baja Mexico explained.

Unlike other states in Mexico like Quintana Roo, Baja California is still not that touristic and you will enjoy traveling here without hassle. With its close proximity to the US, Baja California is visited by many Americans, usually on day trips from San Diego or Southern California.

No. Baja California is a state in Mexico and is not part of the United States of America.

Yes, people speak English in Baja California. Many Mexicans and Americans who live in Baja California work in the United States. With its close proximity to the US, expect Baja California to be as American as California, USA.

No, it does not snow in Baja California. Baja California is a desert area (like New Mexico) but there are also gorgeous coastal areas aside from the desert.

The total driving time from Los Angeles to Baja California (Tijuana) is 3 hours but expect heavy traffic on the Mexico-USA border.

The airport that serves Baja California is Tijuana International Airport. It is located at the US-Mexico border, about 30 minutes from San Diego, CA. This is the only airport in the whole state of Baja California so if you are going to Ensenada, Rosarito, or Valle de Guadalupe, you must land in Tijuana first.

The best places to visit in Baja California are Ensenada, Valle de Guadalupe, Rosarito, Mexicali, and Tijuana. For a more local experience, check out San Felipe, San Quintin, and Tecate!

Baja California is in the northern part of Mexico near the US-Mexico border. The major cities of Baja California are Ensenada, Tijuana, Tecate, Mexicali and Rosarito.

Baja California Sur is located in the southern part of the Baja Peninsula (sur means “south). Los Cabos, La Paz, Todos Santos, and Loreto are all part of the Baja California Sur state.

Baja California and Baja California Sur were declared as one state in 1952. These two were separated when Baja California Sur was declared as an independent Mexican state in 1974.

Still have questions about Baja California Mexico?

If you cannot find an answer to your question in our FAQ, you can always get in touch with our Mexico expert travel planners. You can also leave a comment below and we will get back to you right away!

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