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Baja California State

Baja California Travel Guide

Everything you need to know about the state of Baja California, Mexico


Quick Info | Destinations | Map | Things To Do | Tours | Where To Stay | Travel Blog | FAQ

Also known as Baja California Norte, Baja California is on the border of the United States (San Diego, CA) and Mexico (Tijuana). The capital city of Baja California state is Mexicali. Its economy depends on livelihoods like mining, agriculture, plant manufacturing, and of course, tourism.

There are 6 border crossing points in the US and there are many Americans/Mexicans/Mexican-Americans who live in Baja California and work in the United States. They commute daily because the US salary can be stretched further if you are living in Mexico. This border crossing is very busy and it may take up to 6 hours if you don’t have border special passes like Sentri.

Fun fact: In 1539, the Spaniards arrived Baja California Mexico and they believed it is a magical island inhabited by beautiful female warriors. They also made the fictional warrior queen of Baja California named Calafia.

🇲🇽 Baja California Sur quick info

  • Location: open on Google maps
  • Timezone: Mountain Daylight Time (GMT -6), same as San Diego, California
  • Capital: La Paz
  • Population: 798,447 (2020 Census)
  • Size: 28,369 square miles
  • Year established: 1974
  • Major cities by population: La Paz (219,596) San Jose del Cabo (164,162) Ciudad Constitución (63,830) Santa Rosalia (52,743) Loreto (11,839)

🗺️ Baja California Sur Map

baja california sur map

📍 Baja California Sur Destinations

Baja California Blog

Baja California FAQs

Baja California is one of the 32 states of Mexico. It is located on the border of the USA (San Diego, CA), and Mexico (Tijuana). The capital of the state of Baja California is Mexicali. It is also sometimes referred to as Baja California Norte on the Internet.

California in the United States used to be a territory of Mexico. It used to be called Alta California until the United States took it through the 1828 Treaty of Guadalupe. This treaty ended the Mexican-American War. The USA then dropped the word “Alta” because it’s Spanish. Today, Alta California is known as the state of California in the US. Until 1930, Baja California was one territory/state/peninsula until 1930, but it was split into two: Baja California (Norte) and Baja California Sur.

A common misconception among American travelers is that Baja California is part of the US. This makes total sense because both Baja California and Baja California Sur states are like California (US) in terms of prices, customs, and cultures. Baja California is part of the Mexican territory so Americans definitely need a passport to enter this area.

Baja California is a state located in Mexico, not in the USA. For more information about the history of the Mexican-American territorial war in California, see our article, Baja Mexico explained.

Unlike other states in Mexico like Quintana Roo, Baja California is still not that touristic and you will enjoy traveling here without hassle. With its close proximity to the US, Baja California is visited by many Americans, usually on day trips from San Diego or Southern California.

No. Baja California is a state in Mexico and is not part of the United States of America.

Yes, people speak English in Baja California. Many Mexicans and Americans who live in Baja California work in the United States. With its close proximity to the US, expect Baja California to be as American as California, USA.

No, it does not snow in Baja California. Baja California is a desert area (like New Mexico) but there are also gorgeous coastal areas aside from the desert.

The total driving time from Los Angeles to Baja California (Tijuana) is 3 hours but expect heavy traffic on the Mexico-USA border.

The airport that serves Baja California is Tijuana International Airport. It is located at the US-Mexico border, about 30 minutes from San Diego, CA. This is the only airport in the whole state of Baja California so if you are going to Ensenada, Rosarito, or Valle de Guadalupe, you must land in Tijuana first.

The best places to visit in Baja California are Ensenada, Valle de Guadalupe, Rosarito, Mexicali, and Tijuana. For a more local experience, check out San Felipe, San Quintin, and Tecate!

Baja California is in the northern part of Mexico near the US-Mexico border. The major cities of Baja California are Ensenada, Tijuana, Tecate, Mexicali and Rosarito.

Baja California Sur is located in the southern part of the Baja Peninsula (sur means “south). Los Cabos, La Paz, Todos Santos, and Loreto are all part of the Baja California Sur state.

Baja California and Baja California Sur were declared as one state in 1952. These two were separated when Baja California Sur was declared as an independent Mexican state in 1974.

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